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Empowerment Through Treatment: Navigating Multiple Sclerosis Management

Navigating Multiple Sclerosis Management. Physical therapy and medications that inhibit the immune system can alleviate symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. It is the most accurate approach in the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis.

Firstly, it is important to understand that MS has no cure, but some treatments can delay the progression of the disease. Secondly, the main goal of treatment is to control symptoms and help the patient maintain a normal quality of life.

Most importantly, early treatment has been shown to significantly reduce the number and intensity of relapses.

Treatment should begin as soon as possible, seeking the best therapeutic alternative and maximum safety for the patient.

Medications are more effective in relapsing-remitting MS than in other forms of MS. In the last 10 years, new drugs have emerged that treat symptoms and improve the course of MS in this form of the disease.

Treatment options for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis include injectable and oral medications. Injectable treatments include beta-interferon drugs. These medications rank among the most commonly prescribed for treating multiple sclerosis.

Currently, there is no approved drug for the treatment of primary progressive multiple sclerosis.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Types of Treatments:

Disease-modifying treatments: They are used to prevent or reduce the number of relapses in relapsing-remitting MS as well as disability accumulation in MS patients.

Beta interferon (interferon beta-1a and interferon beta-1b)

Glatiramer acetate These treatments are effective in reducing relapses and in most people with MS, reducing short-term disability progression.

Navigating Multiple Sclerosis Management

Common side effects may include flu-like symptoms, mood changes, and reactions at the injection site.

Additionally, doctors currently use oral medications as first-line treatment.

Teriflunomide

Dimethyl fumarate

Natalizumab, a monoclonal antibody used in intravenous infusion every 4 weeks.

Fingolimod is an oral disease-modifying treatment approved for the treatment of severe rapidly evolving, or highly active relapsing-remitting MS.

Alemtuzumab is indicated in adult patients with RRMS with active disease defined by clinical manifestations or detected by magnetic resonance imaging. It is a drug to consider in active forms of the disease.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation: In summary, MS often causes mobility, spasticity, and balance problems. For this reason, early initiation of physical therapy is important for regaining functionality.

Navigating Multiple Sclerosis Management

Medications for treating relapse

Corticosteroids: They have been the treatment of choice for many years. They decrease the duration and intensity of relapses. Prednisone is usually used orally, or methylprednisolone is used intravenously. To avoid adverse effects, they should be used for brief periods.

Plasmapheresis: Of doubtful efficacy, it may be an alternative for patients intolerant to corticosteroids or those resistant to corticosteroids.

Intravenous immunoglobulin G.

Medications to control symptoms:

The aim is to try to improve the quality of life of these patients who suffer from many symptoms caused by CNS injury (spasms, urinary problems, psychiatric disorders, etc.).

The treatment composed of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) allows patients to improve spasticity and all associated symptoms such as pain, spasms, and urinary disturbances.

In conclusion – Navigating Multiple Sclerosis Management

In conclusion, fampridine is used to improve the ambulation of these patients, which is one of the problems that causes the greatest disability and affects 60% of patients.

Emotional Support: According to data from the SEN (Spanish Society of Neurology), up to 75% of MS patients suffer from mood alterations or depression at some point in the disease, so it is important to treat them.

The Best Defense (Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis) The best defense against MS is to go to the doctor immediately after the first warning signs. This is extremely important if a close family member has the disease, as it is one of the key risk factors for MS.

Don’t hesitate. It can make a big difference.

Finally, If you want to know more, visit our article on What Are Stem Cells.

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